Medicine & healthcare in the Great War: an English-language bibliography
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Introduction To quote Isabella Beeton, “I must frankly own, that if I had known, beforehand, that this book would have cost me the labour which it has, I should never have been courageous enough to commence it.” [Beeton I. The book of household management. London: S.O. Beeton, 1861, p.iii.] This bibliography began as a collation of several smaller ones which were the result of enquiries at the Historic Collections Library of the Institute of Naval Medicine. As it grew larger, its gravitational pull increased, until now it has been made as comprehensive as possible, within the limits of a single bibliographer’s endurance. I have been very grateful for the support and enthusiasm of the Great War Forum community. Pete Starling and Keith Roberts, who directed me towards much RAMC and Salonika material respectively, warrant particular thanks. I hope that the inclusion of naval material will be of particular interest, as the Royal Navy during the Great War tends to attract less attention than the Army or the Western Front. Queen Alexandra’s Royal Naval Nursing Service (QARNNS) has been particularly poorly- served by researchers. I made the decision early on to exclude material not in English; this deficit can be remedied by consulting one of my chief sources, the bibliography, last updated in 2015, at http://www.gilliesarchives.org.uk/Qmbiblio1.htm Thanks are due to the Salonika Campaign Society for material extracted from their bibliography at https://salonikacampaignsociety.org.uk/publications-and-dvds/bibliography, and to the Canadian Expeditionary Force Study Group for their list of Recommended Great War Websites.

All references have been checked for correctness against the following catalogues: https://discover.libraryhub.jisc.ac.uk/, https://kvk.bibliothek.kit.edu/index.html, and https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/books-publicationsa, or against digitised versions at https://archive.org. Articles have been verified, and more no doubt exist to be found, on the abstracting and indexing website https://europepmc.org/, which in many cases also provides online access. Some items listed in Dornbusch CE. Histories of American Army units, World Wars I and II and Korean conflict, with some earlier histories (Washington, D.C.: Dept. of the Army >…], Library & Service Club Branch, 1956) no longer have traceable copies, and have been omitted. They can be identified by consulting the digitised version of the book, here: https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/Histories_of_American_Army_Units/A78a4VaMhWs C. Links for online access have been provided wherever possible, so that the bibliography operates, to a certain extent, as an online library. Much other digital material of Great War medical interest is available commercially from Adam Matthew Digital in Marlborough, Wilts. The bibliography has been divided into two parts:

1. Healthcare and men: managers - surgeons, doctors, stretcher-bearers
2. Healthcare and women: managers - surgeons, doctors, nurses, helpers . A handful of entries have been duplicated to allow for an appearance in both parts.

Jane Wickenden MA (Oxon), Dip.Lib. (Aber)
at present Historic Collections Librarian of the Institute of Naval Medicine (retiring 31 October 2021).


1. Healthcare and men managers, surgeons, doctors, stretcher-bearers



1/1st Home Counties Casualty Clearing Station. History of the 1/1st (2/1st) Home Counties Casualty Clearing Station ... [for the years 1914-19]. With appendix. [s.l.: s.n.], 1924.

1/1st South Midland Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance. With the 1st/1st South Midland Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance: Egypt, Palestine, Gallipoli, Salonica, 1914-1918. Birmingham: s.n., 1920s?

1/2nd West Riding Field Ambulance. The poultice: official organ of the 1/2nd West Riding Field Ambulance. (1 Sep 1916-31 Oct 1916). In the Field, 1916.

1/3rd West Riding Field Ambulance. The lead-swinger: the bivouac journal of the 1/3 W. Riding Field Ambulance. Northend E (ed.). MS: Vol. 1, no. 1 (4 Sep 4 1915)-v. 2, no. 9 (1 Mar 1919). Print: Vol. 1 (Sep-Dec 1915)-vol. 2-3 (Mar 1916-Mar 1919). Sheffield: J.W.Northend, 1916-1921.

1st Australian General Hospital. The Jackass: the First Australian General Hospital monthly. No. 1 (June 1918)-no.7 (Christmas 1918). Rouen: The Hospital, 1918. https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-13289396/view?partId=nla.obj-13296971 (No. 2); https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-13303154/view?partId=nla.obj-13306721#page/n0/mode/1up (Christmas 1918).

1st Eastern General Hospital. First Eastern General Hospital Gazette. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1915)-vol. 2, no. 20 (Feb. 1917). Cambridge: Cambridge General Hospital, 1915-1917.

1st Southern General Hospital . The "Southern" cross: the monthly journal of the 1st Southern General Hospital, Birmingham. Pollock N (ed.). Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan 1916)-vol. 3, no. 12? (1919). Birmingham: Hudson & Son, 1916-1919.

2/1st Wessex Field Ambulance. The story of the 2/1st Wessex Field Ambulance, 1914- 1919. Kingsteignton: s.n., 1919.

2/1st West Lancashire Field Ambulance. Motley: a souvenir of a Field Ambulance (the 2/1st West Lancashire Field Ambulance). Liverpool: s.n., 1918-

2/2nd City of London Field Ambulance. The Second-Seconds in France: the story of the 2/2nd City of London Field Ambulance. London: Spottiswoode, Ballantyne, 1920. https://archive.org/details/secondsecondsinf00greaiala/page/n9/mode/2up.

2/4th London Field Ambulance. Tales of a field ambulance, 1914-1918. Told by the personnel. Southend-on-Sea: printed for private circulation by Borough Printing, 1935 >France, Salonika, the Near East. This was Vaughan Williams’s unit].

2nd Southern General Hospital. Second Southern magazine.Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr 1916). Bristol: 2nd Southern General Hospital, 1916 [later name The kit-bag]

2nd Southern General Hospital. The kit-bag.Vol. 1, no. 2 (Jun 1916)-vol.1, no. 5 (Jan 1917). Bristol: 2nd Southern General Hospital, 1916-1917 [previous name Second Southern magazine].

3rd Southern General Hospital. Somerville Section, 3rd Southern General Hospital, Oxford. London: Qualis Photo Co., 1918? [album of photographs].

2nd Western General Hospital. The searchlight: monthly publication of the R.A.M.C., T.F. (E. Lancs.), 2nd Western General Hospital, Manchester. Manchester: The Hospital, 1916-

3rd London General Hospital. The gazette of the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth. Vol. 1, no. 1 (October 1915)- Vol. 4, no. 10 (July 1919). London: The Hospital, 1915-1919.

3rd London General Hospital. London: a souvenir. London: Photochrom Co., 1921.

5th London Field Ambulance. 5th London Field Ambulance (47th (London) Division T.F. 1914-1919. London: Lake & Bell, 1935.

44th Field Ambulance. With the forty-fourths: being a record of the doings of the 44th Field Ambulance (14th Division). London: Spottiswoode & Ballantyne, 1922.

58th Field Ambulance. The Bearer Post: the Journal of the 58th Field Ambulance Bearer Post. 1-31 Jan. 1918.

A.K.E. The American: a sketch of Frederick Scates Towle, M.D., Captain U.S.M.C. Concord, NH: Rumford Press, 1920

Adami, JG. War story of the Canadian Army Medical Corps. Vol. I: the first contingent (to the autumn of 1915). Toronto: Musson Book Company Ltd; London: Rolls House, 1918. https://archive.org/details/warstoryofcanadi01adamuoft + http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/adami/camc/camc.html.

Adami JG, Judah EL. On the preservation of war material for museum purposes. International Association of Medical Museums. Bulletin no. 5 (Jun 1915), pp. 63-66; reprint, [s.l.]: Ann Arbor Press, 1915? https://archive.org/details/bulletin15inte/page/62/mode/2up.

Adams JE. The chaplain and the war. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1915. https://archive.org/details/chaplainwar00adamuoft.

Adler JL. Burdens of war: creating the United States Veterans Health System. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017.

Alberti SJMM (ed.). War, art and surgery: the work of Henry Tonks & Julia Midgley. London: Royal College of Surgeons of England, 2014.

Alexander HM. On two fronts: being the adventures of an Indian mule corps in France and Gallipoli. London: Heinemann, 1917 [also New York: Dutton, 1917]. https://archive.org/details/ontwofrontsbeing00alexrich

Allan RM. Letters from a young Queenslander. Allan J (ed.). Brisbane, Qld.: Watson, Ferguson, 1915; 2nd ed. 1916. https://archive.org/details/LettersFromAYoungQueenslander/page/n3/mode/2up.

Allan RM. Mesopotamia and India: a continuation of "Letters from a young Queenslander." Brisbane, Qld.: Watson, Ferguson, 1916.

Allbee FH. Bone-graft surgery. Philadelphia, Pa.: WB Saunders, 1915; 1917.

Allegaert, P et al (eds). War and trauma: soldiers & ambulances 1914-1918, In Flanders Fields Museum Ieper. Soldiers & psychiatrists 1914-2014, Dr Guislain Museum Ghent. Demetter L (transl.). Veurne, Be.: Hannibal, 2013.

Allen T. Hospital ships from the Great War. York: [Allen?], 1999.

Allison RS. The surgeon probationers. Belfast: Blackstaff Press, 1979. [Includes Clinical notes for surgeon probationers, RNVR / by R.J. Willan, originally published during 1914- 1918.]

Alport AC. The lighter side of the war. London: Hutchinson, 1934 [S Africa, Salonika, France].

Alport AC. Malaria and its treatment in the line and at the base. London: Bale & Danielsson, 1919. https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.95537.

Amar J. The physiology of industrial organisations and the re-employment of the disabled. Miall B (transl.). London: Library Press, 1918.

American Red Cross Society. Home Service and the disabled soldier or sailor. Washington, DC: American Red Cross, 1918. https://archive.org/details/101318107.nlm.nih.gov.

American Red Cross Society. Reports of the American Red Cross Commissions upon their activities in Macedonia, Thrace, Bulgaria, the Ægean Islands and Greece. New York: Oxford University Press American Branch, 1919. https://archive.org/details/reportsofamerica00amer.

American Red Cross Society. War medicine. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Aug 1918)-vol. 2, no. 7 (Feb/Mar 1919). Paris: American Red Cross Society in France for the Medical Officers of the American Expeditionary Forces, 1918-1919. https://archive.org/details/n8warmedicine01ameruoft (Vol. 1, no. 1), https://archive.org/details/n1warmedicine02ameruoft (Vol. 2, no. 1), https://archive.org/details/n2warmedicine02ameruoft (Vol. 2, no. 2), https://archive.org/details/n3warmedicine02ameruoft (Vol. 2, no. 3).

American Red Cross Society. The war-time manual, describing the organization, history, work and reliefs of the American Red Cross Society; organization and history: outline of activities - how to make application, contributing or personal service, memberships, training for Red Cross work - for men and for women; how to form a local chapter; organization of Red Cross instruction; military relief; ambulance service; hospital units; base hospital organization; surgical dressings, hospital supplies, etc., sanitary training; how you can help at home - nursing service, bandage making, knitting directions ... Chicago: Service Publishers, 1917.

American Red Cross Society, Medical Research Committee. Trench fever: report of commission. Oxford: Printed for the American Red Cross Society at the Oxford University Press, 1918; 2nd ed. Strong RP (ed.). London: Henry Frowde, Oxford University Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/trenchfeverrepor00strouoft.

Anderson HG. The medical and surgical aspects of aviation. London: Henry Frowde; Oxford University Press; Hodder & Stoughton, 1919. https://archive.org/details/medicalsurgicala00andeuoft.

Anderson HG. Some medical aspects of aviation. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 3 (1917), pp. 328-331 [a lecture for pupils at air stations]. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL3Images/page/n345/mode/2up.

Anderson J. War, disability and rehabilitation in Britain: “soul of a nation.” Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011.

Andrew AP. Friends of France: the Field Service of the American Ambulance described by its members. London: Smith, Elder & Co.; Toronto: Thomas Allen; Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 1916. https://archive.org/details/friendsoffrance1916andr.

Ansart S et al. Mortality burden of the 1918±1919 influenza pandemic in Europe. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. Vol. 3, no. 3 (2009), pp. 99-106. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-2659.2009.00080.x.

Anstead GM. The centenary of the discovery of trench fever, an emerging infectious disease of World War 1. Lancet. Infectious Diseases. Vol. 16, no. 8 (Aug 2016), pp. e164- e172. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC7106389&blobtype=pdf.

Arbuckle CH et al.(ed.). The capsule: base hospital, Camp Bowie, 1919. Camp Bowie, Tex.: [s.n.], 1919. https://archive.org/details/capsulebasehospi00np/mode/2up.

Archer G. Private Heller and the Bantam Boys: an American medic in World War I. Guilford, Conn.: Lyons Press, 2015.

Arfa R, Garraud B. Le Tréport: l'atmosphère d'une base sanitaire britannique en France, 1914-1919 = Le Tréport: the atmosphere in a British medical base in France, 1914-1919 [Cover title: Le Treport: 1914-1918]. Criel-sur-mer: Impression ICH, ca. 2009 [text in English and French].

Armand-Delille F, Paisseau G, Abrami P, Lemaire H. Malaria in Macedonia: clinical and haematological features and principles of treatment. Rolleston JD (transl.), Ross R (ed.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/malariainmacedon00armauoft.

Arthur M. ‘Surgeon Lieutenant Tom Kirk Royal Navy. Born 13 January 1899, died 9 November 2004’ In Last post. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2005, pp. 145-169.

Ash EL. Nerve in wartime: causes and cure of nervous breakdown. London: Mills & Boon, 1915.

Atenstaedt RL. The medical response to the trench diseases in World War One. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011 [publication of entry below?].

Atenstaedt RL. The trench diseases: the British medical response in the Great War. Thesis (D.Phil.) - University of Oxford, 2005 [published as entry above?]

Atenstaedt RL. Trench fever: the British medical response in the Great War. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Vol. 99, no. 11 (Nov 2006), pp. 564-568.

Athanassio-Benisty C. The clinical forms of nerve lesions. Buzzard EF (ed.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/clinicalformsofn00athauoft.

Athanassio-Benisty C. The treatment and repair of nerve lesions. Buzzard EF (ed.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/treatmentrepairo00athauoft.

Atkinson AV. 2/3rd City of London Field Ambulance: London soldiers, unarmed comrades. London: Errington & Martin, 1969; repr. 1976.

Atkinson EL. The fly pest in Gallipoli. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 2 (1916), pp. 147-152. JRNMSVOL2Images/page/n155/mode/2up.

Atkinson EL. Immediate surgery with the Royal Marine Artillery howitzer brigade in France, 1916-1918. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 8 (1922), pp. 16-22. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL8Images/page/n25/mode/2up.

Austin S, Austin R. The body snatchers: the history of the 3rd Australian Field Ambulance, 1914-1918. Rosebud, Vic.: Slouch Hat, 1995.

Australian Auxiliary Hospital, No.1. The Harefield Park boomerang: vol. 1. no. 1-12, vol. 2. no. 7, 8. Dec. 1916-June 1917, July, Aug. 1918. Roscoe T (ed.). Harefield: Harefield Park Boomerang Committee, 1916-1918.

Australian Comforts Fund. The history of the Australian Comforts Fund: being the official record of a voluntary civilian organisation ... during the Great War. Bowden SH (ed.). Sydney, NSW, 1922.

Axford WG. Wounded treated at the Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 1 (1915), pp. 31-34. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL1Images/page/n37/mode/2up.

Axford WG, Cheatle GL. Surgery. British Medical Journal. Vol. 1, no. 2939 (01 Apr 1917), pp. 535-536. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2348428&blobtype=pdf.

Ayres PG. Britain's green allies: medicinal plants in wartime. Kibworth Beauchamp: Matador, 2015.

Babinski J, Froment J. Hysteria or pithiatism and reflex nervous disorders in the neurology of war. Buzzard EF (ed.)., Rolleston JD (transl.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/hysteriaorpithia00babiuoft.

Bachman WJ, Palmer HR et al. Souvenir roster and history of Evacuation Hospital No.15: with the story of Verdun and the Argonne drive. [United States: s.n.], 1920? https://archive.org/details/8605961.nlm.nih.gov.

Bailey P, Williams FE, Komora PO; Salmon TF, Fenton N. Neuropsychiatry: In the United States … In the American Expeditionary Forces, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1929 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 10). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX10.nlm.nih.gov.

Bainbridge WS. Report on medical and surgical developments of the war. United States naval medical bulletin. Special number (Jan 1919). Washington, DC: Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Navy Dept., Division of Publications: Government Printing Office 1919. https://archive.org/details/b2981117x.

Baird HHC. A government committee of enquiry and the light metal artificial leg. Privately published, 1923.

Balfour A. Medical entomology of Salonica. London: Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research, 1916. https://wellcomecollection.org/works/pkjhwzeb.

Bancroft WD, Bradley HC, Eyster JAE et al. Medical aspects of gas warfare, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1926 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 14). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX15.nlm.nih.gov.

Bamji A. Faces from the front: Harold Gillies, The Queen's Hospital, Sidcup, and the origins of modern plastic surgery. Solihull: Helion, 2017.

Bardach B. Carnage and care on the Eastern Front: the war diaries of Bernhard Bardach, 1914-1918. Appelbaum PC (transl., ed.). New York: Berghahn Books, 2018.

Barlow M, Williams WG. War pensions, gratuities, allowances, treatment and training for officers, N.C.O.'S, and men: a handbook with scales of payment and full index. 6th ed. London: Dryden Press, 1918; 1919.

Barnett L. Insult to injury: the suffering of hundreds of wounded soldiers onboard H.M. Transport Saturnia after the first day of the Battle of Gully Ravine 28th June 1915. London: Len Barnett, 2017.

Barnert C. The Mount Sinai Unit in the World War: with scenes at Base Hospital No. 3 A.E.F. at Vauclaire, Dordogne, France. New York: Mount Sinai Hospital, 1919. https://archive.org/details/MountSinaiWorldWar.

Barnham P. Forgotten lunatics of the Great War. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004.

Barnichon G transl. Roullet P. Les navires-hôpitaux français au XXème siècle = French hospital ships during the XXth century. Le Touvet: Editions Marcel-Didier Vrac (MDV), 1998 [French and English text].

Barrett JW. A vision of the possible: what the R.A.M.C. might become: an account of some of the medical work in Egypt, together with a constructive criticism of the R. A.M.C. London: H.K. Lewis, 1919.

Barrett JW & Deane PW. The Australian Army Medical Corps in Egypt: an illustrated and detailed account of the early organisation and work of the Australian Medical Units in Egypt in 1914-1915. London: H. K. Lewis, 1918. http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/41911.

Barrett M. Casualty figures: how five men survived the First World War. London: Verso, 2007.

Barrett-Cross RL (ed.). The history of the home countries medical services of the Territorial Army. Vol.1, 1859-1922. Croydon: R.L. Barrett-Cross, 1988.

Bartlett FC. Psychology and the soldier. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1927. https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.202506/page/n7/mode/2up.

Baylis HA. Intestinal protozoal infections, among officers and men of the Royal Navy and Marines, dealt with at the Royal Naval Hospital, Haslar, during 1916 to 1918. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol.6 (1920), pp. 342-368. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL6Images/page/n351/mode/2up.

Beadnell CM. A naval medical officer’s impressions of a visit to the trenches. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 3 (1917), pp. 91-107, 210-220. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL3Images/page/n97/mode/2up https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL3Images/page/n219/mode/2up

Beaton T. Neurasthenia in the Navy. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 4 (1918), pp. 158-166. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL4Images/page/n215/mode/2up.

Beaton T. The psychoses and the psycho-neuroses. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 6 (1920), pp. 19-65 + 132-155. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL6Images/page/n25/mode/2up + https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL6Images/page/n139/mode/2up.

Beaton T. Some observations on mental conditions as observed amongst the ship's company of a battleship in war-time. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 1 (1915), pp. 447-452. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL1Images/page/n475/mode/2up.

Beatson GT. How the wounded-disabled soldier is treated surgically at Scotland's orthopaedic centres: curative methods at the Scottish National Red Cross Hospital, Bellahouston. Glasgow: Robert Maclehose & Co., 1916?

Begg RC. Surgery on trestles: a saga of suffering and triumph. Norwich: Jarrold, 1968. [Mesopotamian campaign].

Beggs ST (comp.). Guide to promotion for non-commissioned officers (Corporal to Staff- Sergeant) and men of the Royal Army Medical Corps: with appendix on hints for young N.C.O.s on clerical and other duties in a military hospital. 4th ed. London: Gale & Polden, 1914; 5th ed., 1915. https://archive.org/details/b21539212.

Beggs ST. Notes on corps duties for officers joining the Royal Army Medical Corps. London: Gale & Polden, 1916?

Behrend G. Stanley Spencer at Burghclere. London: MacDonald, 1965.

Bell FG. Surgeon’s saga. Wellington, NZ: Reed,1968.

Belser JA, Terrence M. The 1918 flu, 100 years later. Science. Vol. 359 (2019), p. 255. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aas9565.

Bennett JD. Medical advances consequent to the Great War 1914-1918. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Vol. 83, no.11 (Nov 1990), pp 738-742. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1292926/.

Bennett JP. Henry Tonks and his contemporaries. British journal of plastic surgery. Vol. 39, no. 1 (Jan. 1986), pp. 3-34.

Bennett-Goldney F. The first arrivals of wounded at Folkestone Pier and the early importance and developments of the Bevan Military Hospital at Sandgate. Clowes & Sons, 1917. https://www.worthpoint.com/worthopedia/bevan-military-hospital-sandgate- 1084449915.

Benson I. The man with the donkey: John Simpson Kirkpatrick, the good samaritan of Gallipoli. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1965.

Bergen L van. Before my helpless sight: suffering, dying and military medicine on the Western Front, 1914-1918 / translated by Liz Waters. Aldershot: Ashgate, c2009 [translation from the Dutch Zacht en eerVol (Gentle/noble and honourable, dulce et decorum)].

Berkeley C, Bonney V. The annals of the Middlesex hospital at Clacton-on-Sea during the Great War, 1914-1919. London: W. J. Clark, 1921.

Bernheim, BM. “Passed as censored. Philadelphia, Pa.: Lippincott, 1918; Nabu Press, 2010; RarebooksclubCom, 2012 [Base Hospital 18]. https://archive.org/details/passedascensored00bern.

Berry D, Mackenzie C (comps). The legacy of war: poetry, prose, painting and physic. London: Royal Society of Medicine Press, 1995.

Berry J, Berry FMD, Blease WL. The story of a Red Cross unit in Serbia. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1916. https://archive.org/details/storyofredcrossu00berriala.

Bettinson HM. Lost souls in the House of Restoration? British ex-servicemen and war disability pensions, 1914-30. Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of East Anglia, 2002.

Biernoff S. Flesh poems: Henry Tonks and the art of surgery. Visual culture in Britain. Vol. 11, no. 1 (2010), pp. 25-47. https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/5647/.

Biernoff S. The rhetoric of disfigurement in First World War Britain. Social History of Medicine. Vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 666-685. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3223959/pdf/hkq095.pdf/?tool=EBI.

Binneveld JMS. From shell shock to combat stress: a comparative history of military psychiatry. O’Kane J (transl.).. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1997.

Birmingham Citizens' Committee. Executive Committee. Report... for presentation at a meeting of the General Committee, to be held on Friday, the 19th day of February, 1915. Birmingham: [s.l.], 1915 [medical care and employment].

Bispham WN. Training, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 7). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX7.nlm.nih.gov.

Blackham RJ. Scalpel, sword and stretcher: forty years of work and play. London, S. Low, Marston, 1931. https://archive.org/details/scalpelswordstre0000unse.

Blackmore K. The dark pocket of time: war, medicine, and the Australian state, 1914-1935. Adelaide, SA: Lythrum Press, 2008.

Blair VP. Surgery and diseases of the mouth and jaws. St Louis, Miss.: Mosby, 1912; 2nd ed. 1913; London: Henry Kimpton, 1916; 3rd ed. St Louis, Miss.: Mosby, 1917; revised 1920. London: Henry Kimpton, 1918. https://archive.org/details/surgerydiseaseso00blai (1917); https://archive.org/details/surgeryanddisea00unkngoog (1920).

Bland-Sutton J. The tale of a convoy. London, Adlard & Son & West Newman Ltd, 1918 [written by a medic but without medical material]. BMJ military health. Volume 166, no. 1 (February 2020)-. London: BMJ Publishing, 2020-

Bocock JH. Being the book of S.S.U. 539: United States Army Ambulance Service with the French Army. [s.l.: s.n.], 1919?

Bodfish RW. A history of Section 647, United States Army Ambulance Service with the French army. Worcester, Mass., Stobbs Press, 1919; Forgotten Books, 2016. https://archive.org/details/historyofsection00bodf.

Bollman DS. U.of W. USAAC, a narrative based on the experiences of the University of Washington boys who volunteered for ambulance service in World War I, with special reference to Sections 570 and 571 [Company No.12]. Seattle, Wash.: [s.n.], 1950.

Bourgeois H, Sourdille M. War otitis and war deafness: diagnosis, treatment, medical reports. Grant JD (transl.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/warotitiswardeaf00bouruoft.

Bourke J. Dismembering the male: men's bodies, Britain, and the Great War. London: Reaktion Books, 1996.

Bourke J. Love and limblessness: male heterosexuality, disability, and the Great War. Journal of War & Culture Studies. Vol. 9, issue 1 (Jan 2016), pp. 3-19.

Bowen AS. Activities concerning mobilization camps and ports of embarkation, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1928 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 4). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX4.nlm.nih.gov.

Bowerbank F. A doctor’s story. Wellington, NZ: HH Tombs, 1958.

Bowerman GE. The compensations of war: the diary of an ambulance driver during the Great War. Carnes MC (ed.). Austin, Tx.: University of Texas Press, 1983.

Bowlby AA. The Hunterian oration on British military surgery in the time of Hunter and in the Great War. London: Adlard & Son and West Newman, 1919. https://archive.org/details/hunterianoration00bowl.

Boyd W. With a field ambulance at Ypres: being letters written March 7-August 15, 1915. Toronto: Musson Book Company, 1916; New York: Doran, 1916. https://archive.org/details/withfieldambulan01boyd

Boyd-Orr, J. As I recall. London: Macgibbon & Kee, 1966. https://archive.org/details/asirecall0000boyd

Brabin BJ. Malaria’s contribution to World War One: the unexpected adversary. Malaria Journal. Vol. 13, no. 497 (2014). https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC4301033&blobtype=pdf.

Bradley A. Stanley Spencer at Burghclere: the Oratory of All Souls, Sandham Memorial Chapel, Hampshire: a souvenir guide. Garnett O (ed.). Warrington: National Trust, 2015.

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British Red Cross Society. Manual of splints and appliances for the treatment of bone and joint injuries (as supplied to the United States Army by the American Red Cross). London: for the British Red Cross by Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton, 1917 [see also entry under United States. Army. Manual …]

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Brown RS.] Base Hospital No. 9, A.E.F.: a history of the work of the New York Hospital unit during two years of active service, by “Padre.” New York: [New York Hospital], 1920. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=loc.ark:/13960/t1tf0gh5x&view=1up&seq=5.

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Buswell L. With the American Ambulance Field Service in France. Printed only for private distribution, 1915; 2nd ed. 1916; USA: TheClassics US, 2013 [later republished as Ambulance no. 10]. https://archive.org/details/01120080R.nlm.nih.gov, https://archive.org/details/withamericanambu02busw (2nd ed.)

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Butler AG. The Australian Army Medical Services in the War of 1914-1918. Vol.1, pt 1. The Gallipoli campaign: pt 2. Downes RM. The campaign in Sinai and Palestine: pt 3. Maguire FA, Cilento RW. The occupation of German New Guinea. 2nd ed. Canberra, ACT: Australian War Memorial, 1938.

Butler AG. The Australian Army Medical Services in the War of 1914-1918. Vol. 2. The Western Front. Canberra, ACT: Australian War Memorial, 1940.

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Buxton NStJGD. Medical notes from the Salonica force. Lancet, vol 1 (1916), pp. 839-841. London: Lancet Printing Office, 1916 [

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Callender GR, Coupal JF. Pathology of the acute respiratory diseases, and of gas gangrene following war wounds, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1929 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 12). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX13.nlm.nih.gov.

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Canadian Field Ambulance. The sling: a little journal published by the boys of a Canadian Field Ambulance. No. 1 (Jan 1917)-No. 2 (Oct 1917). [London]: Canadian Field Ambulance, 1917.

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Canadian Field Ambulances No. 1-3. N.Y.D.: incorporating “The Iodine Chronicle,” “The Splint Record,” “Now & Then,” the journals of nos. 1, 2 & 3 Canadian Field Ambulances, respectively. No. 1 (10 May 1916)-no. 8 (22 Dec. 1917). 1915-1918.

Canadian Field Ambulance No. 2. The splint record. [Flanders]: No. 2 Field Ambulance, 1st Canadian Division, B.E.F. No. 1 (1915)-No. 2 (1916).

Canadian Field Ambulance No. 3. Now and then: being the official organ of no. 3 Canadian Field Ambulance, 1st Canadian Division, B.E.F. Milborne AJB (ed.). No. 1 (15 Dec 1915). On Active Service, 1915. [Nos. 2-9 were issued as part of "N.Y.D."]

Canadian General Hospital No. 7 (Queen's). A history of No. 7 (Queen's) Canadian General Hospital, March 26, 1915-Nov. 15, 1917. London: Faulkner, 1917. https://archive.org/details/historyofno7quee00canauoft. Canadian Medical Association Journal Vol. 1 (1911)-vol. 133 (1985). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/77/#canmedaj.

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Carbery AD. The New Zealand Medical Service in the Great War: based on official documents. Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1924. http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-WH1-Medi.html.

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Carden-Coyne A, Morris D, Wilcox T (eds). The sensory war 1914-2014. Manchester: Manchester Art Gallery, 2014.

Carlill H, Fildes P, Baker SL. A report on the cases of syphilis of the central nervous system observed in the neurological department of the Royal Naval Hospital, Haslar, during twelve months. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol.3 (1917), pp. 397-427. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL3Images/page/n413/mode/2up.

Carrel A, Dehelly G. The treatment of infected wounds. Child H (transl.) New York: Hoeber, 1917; 2nd ed. London: Bailliere, Tindall & Cox, 1918.

Casey PJ, Cullen KT, Duignan JP. Irish doctors in the First World War. Sallins, Co. Kildare, Ireland: Merrion Press, 2015.

Catchpool TC. On two fronts: letters of a conscientious objector. London, Headley Brothers, 1918 [also 3rd ed. London: Allen & Unwin, 1940; London: Society of Friends, 1971].

Cawkwell P. 'Corky's war': based on the war diaries of Percy Cawkwell, Private 63599 Royal Army Medical Corps. Fairfax R (ed.). Hull: Mutiny Press, 2008.

Chamberlain WP; Weed FW. Sanitation: In the United States … In the American Expeditionary Forces, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1926 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 6). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX6.nlm.nih.gov.

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Chambers E. Fragmented identities: reading subjectivity in Henry Tonks' surgical portraits. Art history. Vol. 32, no. 3 (Jun 2009), pp. 578-607.

Chambers E. Henry Tonks: art and surgery. London: College Art Collections, University College London, 2002.

Chambers J. Hospital ships in peace and war. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, Jan 1925, 18(War Sect):1-7. [mentions AQUITANIA] https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2202273&blobtype=pdf.

Chambers RW, Batho EC, Parker BN (eds). This book is a record of those members of University College London and University College Hospital and Medical School who were killed or who died on service, 1914-1918. 2 vols. London: Donald Macbeth, 1922-1924.

Chandler FG. A doctor's war: extracts from the letters and diaries of Dr Frederick George Chandler, Lieutenant, later Captain, RAMC, 1914/15 and 1917/18 . Chandler G (ed.). UK: Geoffrey Chandler, 2009.

Chapin H. Soldier and dramatist: being the letters of Harold Chapin, American citizen who died for England at Loos, Sept 26th, 1915. London, John Lane, 1917; Foster P (ed.). Sittingbourne: Minutecircle Services, 2011. https://archive.org/details/soldierdramatist00chap

Chapin WAR. The lost legion: the story of the fifteen hundred American doctors who served with the B. E. F. in the Great War. Springfield, Mass.: [Loring-Axtell Press], 1926. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015039349421&view=1up&seq=11.

Chase HL. The 2/1st London Field Ambulance: an outline of the 4 1/2 years service of a unit of the 56th Division at home & abroad during the Great War, 1914-1919. London: Morton, Burt, 1924.

Chaskel W. History of Ambulance company No. 105 (former Fourth N.Y. Ambulance Co.) 102nd Sanitary Train, 27th Division, U.S.A. Syracuse, NY: Quality Print Shop, 1919; Nabu Press, 2010; Forgotten Books, 2016. https://archive.org/details/historyofambulan00chas.

Chatelin C, Martel T de. Wounds of the skull and brain: their clinical forms and medical and surgical treatment. Burghard FF (ed.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/woundsofskullbra00chatuoft.

Chavasse EFJ. Liverpool Merchants’ Mobile Hospital at the Front. [s.l.: s.n.], 1919.

Cheyne WW. A trip to the Dardanelles with the view of testing the value of hypochlorite of soda in the treatment of wounds in war. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 2 (1916), pp. 137-146. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL2Images/page/n145/mode/2up.

Cheyne WW. Remarks on the treatment of wounds in war, made in opening a discussion at the Medical Society of London on November 16th, 1914. British Medical Journal. Vol. 2, no. 2812 (21 Nov 1914), pp. 865-871. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2300163/pdf/brmedj07310- 0001.pdf/?tool=EBI.

Cheyne WW. The recommendations of the Naval Medical Committee on the treatment of wounds in war. British Medical Journal. Vol. 1, no. 2838 (22 May 1915), p. 912. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2302250&blobtype=pdf.

Chitty H. A hospital ship in the Mediterranean. British Medical Journal. Vol 2, no. 2858 (Oct 1915), pp. 529-531 [REWA]. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2303154&blobtype=pdf.

Church JR. The doctor's part: what happens to the wounded in war. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1918. https://archive.org/details/doctorspartwhath00chur.

Clark GW (ed). “Lest we forget”: a history of Section 503 of the U.S. Army Ambulance Service with the French Army. Philadelphia, Pa.: Westminster Press, 1920.

Clarke N. Unwanted warriors: the rejected volunteers of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press, 2015.

Clarke RC. The evolution of a casualty clearing station on the Western Front. Bristol: Bristol Medico-Chirugical Society, 1936.

Clay K, Lewis J, Severnini E. Pollution, infectious disease, and mortality: evidence from the 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic. Journal of Economic History. Vol. 78, no. 4 (2018), pp.1179-1209. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002205071800058X.

Clayton A. Chavasse, double VC. London: Pen & Sword, 1997; Barnsley: Pen & Sword, 2006.

Clayton A. Martin-Leake, double VC. London: Leo Cooper, 1994; Barnsley: Pen & Sword, 2015.

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Clow MP. With the Red Cross in Serbia, 1917: being the letters of Malcolm P. Clow, a conducteur of the Croix Rouge Francaise attached to Seventh Division, French Colonial Army. Belfast: John Cleland, 1919.

Clyde DF. History of the medical services of Tanganyika. Dar es Salaam: Government Press, 1962.

Clymer G et al (eds). The history of U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 6 and its part in the American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918. Boston, Mass.: Massachusetts General Hospital, 1924. https://archive.org/details/historyofusarmyb00clym.

Cochrane P. Simpson and the donkey: the making of a legend. Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press,1992 [see also below].

Cochrane P. Simpson and his donkey. New updated / rev. anniversary ed.Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Publishing, 2013 [see also above].

Cohen D. The war come home. disabled veterans in Britain and Germany, 1914-1939. Berkeley, Cal.: University of California Press, 2001.

Cohen D. ‘Will to work: disabled veterans in Britain and Germany after the First World War.’ In: Gerber DA (ed). Disabled veterans in history. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, 2000, pp. 295-321.

Cohen S. Medical services in the First World War. Oxford: Shire, 2a014.

Cole F. Sierra Leone and World War I. Thesis (Ph.D.) - School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London,1994. https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/26223/1/10731720.pdf.

Coleman F. A brief record of the 6th London field ambulance (47th London division) during the war. London: Bale & Danielsson, 1924.

Collie J. Neurasthenia: what it costs the state. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps Vol. 26, no. 4 (April 1916), pp. 525-544. https://militaryhealth.bmj.com/content/jramc/26/4/525.full.pdf.

Collier R. The plague of the Spanish Lady. the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919. London: Macmillan, 1974. https://archive.org/details/plagueofspanish00coll.

Collingwood GT. Notes on the work of a naval hospital ship [SOUDAN] at the Dardanelles. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 1 (1915), pp. 315-321. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL1Images/page/n343/mode/2up.

Collingwood GT. Notes on the work of the RN hospital ship SOUDAN at the Dardanelles. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 2 (1916), pp. 200-208. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL2Images/page/n215/mode/2up.

Collins GRN. ‘Evacuation of the sick and wounded’ in Military organization and administration. London: Hugh Rees, 1918. http://www.vlib.us/medical/evacn/evacn.htm.

Collins J. Dr Brighton’s Indian patients, December 1914±January 1916. Brighton: Brighton Books, 1997.

Combs JH. The seige [sic] of Sarisbury Court: which chronicles the feat of Base Hospital 40 in winning the world war. Lexington, Ky: Hurst and Byars Printing Co., 1923 [title given as on the title page] https://archive.org/details/seigeofsarisbury00comb/page/n7/mode/2up.

Cooper AE et al (eds). A history of United States Army Base Hospital No. 36: (Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery Unit) organized at Detroit, Michigan, April 11th, 1917. Detroit: [s.n.], 1922? https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=loc.ark:/13960/t9c548x7q&view=1up&seq=1.

Cooter R. ‘7. Malingering in modernity psychological scripts and adversarial encounters during the First World War.’ In: Cooter R, Harrison M, Sturdy S (eds). War, medicine and modernity. Stroud: Sutton, 1998.

Cope LF. Special service on the Danube. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 7 (1921), pp. 1-20. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL7Images/page/n7/mode/2up.

Cope Z. The treatment of wounds through the ages. Medical History. Vol. 2, no. 3 (Jul 1958), pp. 163-174 [the Cheyne/Wright wound treatment argument]. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1034390/pdf/medhist00182-0005.pdf.

Coplin WML. American Red Cross Base Hospital No. 38 in the World War: United States Army Base Hospital No. 38, organized under the auspices of the Jefferson Medical College and Hospital, Stationed at Nantes, France 1918-1919. Philadelphia, Pa.: [s.n.], 1923. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89066173477&view=1up&seq=13.

Cottle GF (ed). The supplement to the United States Medical Bulletin published for the information of the Hospital Corps of the Navy.Hospital Corps Quarterly, No. 3 (Oct 1917); No. 4 (Jan 1918). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1918. https://archive.org/details/HospitalCorpsQuarterly3October1917 (Oct 1917); https://archive.org/details/HospitalCorpsQuarterly4January1918 (Jan 1918).

Courtois-Suffit MM, Giroux R. The abnormal forms of tetanus: a clinical, pathogenic, prophylactic, and therapeutic survey. Bruce D, Golla F (eds). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/abnormalformsoft00couruoft.

Cox S. The Red Cross launch Wessex on the River Tigris, 1916: being the diary of Sydney Cox. H Cox (ed.). Christchurch, NZ: Natula, 2002.

Craig CF. The Wassermann test. St Louis, Miss.: Mosby, 1918; 2nd ed. 1921 [test for syphilis]. https://archive.org/details/wassermanntest00crai; https://archive.org/details/wassermanntest00craiuoft.

Craig SC, Smith DC (eds). Glimpsing modernity: military medicine in World War I. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015.

Craiglockhart War Hospital. The Hydra: journal of the Craiglockhart War Hospital. No.1 (Apr. 28 1917)-no.12 (Sep. 29 1917) . Edinburgh: Craiglockhart War Hospital, 1917.

Craiglockhart War Hospital. The Hydra: the magazine of Craiglockhart War Hospital. New series. No.1 (Nov. 1917)-no.9 (Jul. 1918) Edinburgh: Craiglockhart War Hospital, 1917- 1918. https://www.napier.ac.uk/about-us/our-location/our-campuses/special-collections/war- poets-collection/the-hydra.

Crammer JL. Extraordinary deaths of asylum inpatients during the 1914-1918 war. Medical History. Vol. 36, no. 4 (Oct 1992), pp. 430-441. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC1036633&blobtype=pdf.

Crampton C. Cambridge School: the life, work and influence of James Ward, W.H.R. Rivers, C.S. Myers and Sir Frederic Bartlett. Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Edinburgh, 1978. https://era.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/17583.

Crane AG; Stimson, JC. Part one: Physical reconstruction and vocational education … Part two: The Army Nurse Corps, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 13). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX14.nlm.nih.gov.

Creswick P, Pond GS, Ashton PH. Kent's care for the wounded. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1915. https://archive.org/details/kentscareforwoun00cres.

Crichton-Harris A. Seventeen letters to Tatham: a WW1 surgeon in East Africa. Toronto: Keneggy West, 2001.

Crile GW. Notes on military surgery. Rowland AF (ed.). Cleveland, Oh.: William Feather Co., 1924.

Cripps LD. The application of the Air Force physical efficiency tests to men and women. London: HMSO, 1924 (Medical Research Council. Special report series; no.84).

Crofton E. Medical students in the First World War: the Edinburgh experience. Proceedings of the Royal College of Physicians Edinburgh, Vol. 27 (1997) pp. 227-241. https://www.rcpe.ac.uk/college/journal/medical-students-first-world-war-edinburgh- experience. [

Crofts J.] Field ambulance sketches by a corporal. London: John Lane, 1919. https://archive.org/details/fieldambulancesk00lond

Crotty M, Larsson M (eds). Anzac legacies: Australians and the aftermath of war. North Melbourne, Vic.: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2010.

Crouthamel J, Leese P (eds). Psychological trauma and the legacies of the First World War. Cham, Switz.: Springer, 2016.

Crymble PT. Anatomical localization of a metallic foreign body and reconstruction of its track. British Journal of Surgery. Vol. 4, issue 14 (Jan 1916), pp. 234-258.

Cullen DR (ed.). Sheffield cares for the wounded: a story of dedication and bravery. Sheffield: University of Sheffield Medical School, 2014.

Cummins SL. Studies of influenza in hospitals of the British armies in France, 1918. London: Medical Research Committee, 1919.

Curran T. Across the bar: the story of 'Simpson', the man with the donkey: Australia and Tyneside's great military hero. Yeronga, Qld.: Ogmios Publications, 1994.

Currie JR. The mustering of medical service in Scotland 1914-1919: being a record of the work of the Scottish Medical Service Emergency Committee in the War. Edinburgh: Printed for the Scottish Medical Service Emergency Committee by Morrison & Gibb, 1922. https://archive.org/details/musteringofmedic00currrich.

Cushing HW. The bombing of the Harvard Base Hospital: letter. Harvard Alumni Bulletin. Vol. 20, no. 5 (Oct 25, 1917), pp. 80-83. https://archive.org/details/101189276.nlm.nih.gov/page/n3/mode/2up.

Cushing HW. From a surgeon's journal, 1915-1918. Boston: Little, Brown; London: Constable & Co., 1936. https://archive.org/details/fromsurgeonsjour00harv/page/n9/mode/2up.

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Great Britain. Medical Research Council. The medical problems of flying: including reports nos. 1-7 of the Air Medical Investigation Committee. London: HMSO, 1920 (Medical Research Council. Special report series; no. 53). https://archive.org/details/medicalproblemso00mediuoft.

Great Britain. Medical Research Council. Report of the Special Advisory Committee upon bacteriological studies of cerebro-spinal fever during the epidemic of 1915. London: HMSO, 1916 (Medical Research Council. Special report series; no. 2).

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Great Britain. Medical Research Council. Studies of rickets in Vienna 1919-22: report to the Accessory Food Factors Committee appointed jointly by the Medical Research Council and the Lister Institute. London: HMSO, 1923 (Medical Research Council. Special report series; no. 77).

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Great Britain. Mesopotamia Commission. Report of the Commission appointed by act of Parliament to enquire into the operations of war in Mesopotamia … >etc.]. London HMSO, 1917.

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Great Britain. War Office. Memorandum on the disposal of cases of nephritis: to general officers commanding-in-chief and general officers commanding, commands and districts at home, and for distribution to all officers commanding and officers of medical divisions of central and auxiliary hospitals. [U.K.: s.n., 1918]

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Holtom EC.] Two years' captivity in German East Africa: being the personal experiences of Surgeon ECH, Royal Navy. London, Hutchinson, 1919. [Ernest Charles Holtom] https://archive.org/details/twoyearscaptivit00holtrich

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Honey JA. History and Roster of the United States Army General Hospital No. 16, New Haven, Connecticut New Haven, Conn.; Printed by Yale University Press, 1919; Book on Demand Ltd, 2015; Forgotten Books, 2017. https://archive.org/details/historyrosterofu00hone.

Honigsbaum M. Living with Enza: the forgotten story of Britain and the great flu pandemic of 1918. London: Macmillan, 2009.

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Horton CH. Stretcher bearer!: fighting for life in the trenches. LeVack D (ed.). Oxford: Lion, 2013. Hospital and institutional news. The Hospital. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5230047&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5229911&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5227410&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5233098&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5239094&blobtype=pdf. The Hospital ship Llandovery Castle. Canadian Medical Association Journal. Vol. 8, no. 8 (Aug 1918), pp. 734-736. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC1585302&blobtype=pdf. Hospital ships and the right of search: the practical lesson of the Ophelia case. The Hospital. Vol. 58, no. 1516 (Jul 1915), p.291. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5230157&blobtype=pdf.

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Houston T, McCloy JM. The relation of the enterococcus to "trench fever" and allied conditions. Lancet. Vol. 188, issue 4858 (7 Oct 1916), pp. 632-638. How German hospital ships are fitted. The Hospital. Vol. 61, no. 1601 (Feb 1917), p. 382. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5230976&blobtype=pdf.

Howell JD. ‘5. 'Soldier's heart': The redefinition of heart disease and speciality formation in early twentieth-century Great Britain.’ In: Cooter R, Harrison M, Sturdy S (eds). War, medicine and modernity. Stroud: Sutton, 1998.

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Hoyt CB (ed.). The story: the history of Field Hospital 139 of Topeka, Kansas, in the Great War, 1917-1918-1919. Topeka, Ks: Jones and Birch, 1919.

Hoyt CB. The sanitary swab: official bulletin of the 110th Sanitary Train. Issue 1-14 (1919). Terry CR (ed). Topeka, Ks: 110th Sanitary Train, 1919.

Huggins GM. Amputation stumps: their care and after-treatment. London: Henry Frowde; Oxford University Press; Hodder & Stoughton, 1918.

Hughes B, Banks HS. War surgery from firing-line to base. London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, 1918; New York, Wood, 1919.

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Humphries EM, Gladwin FF. An unofficial guide to the Racecourse Hospital (Cheltenham). Cheltenham: N. Sawyer & Co., 1915.

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Humphries MO. A weary road: shell shock in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914- 1918. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018.

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Hunter W. The Serbian epidemics of typhus and relapsing fever in 1915: their origin, course, and preventive measures employed for their arrest. An aetiological and preventive study based on records of British Military Sanitary Mission to Serbia, 1915 (with maps and charts). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. Vol 13. Section of Epidemiology and State Medicine. (1919), pp. 29-158. London: Bale & Danielsson, 1920. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2152681/pdf/procrsmed01432- 0032.pdf/?tool=EBI.

Hurst AF. Medical diseases of the war. London: E. Arnold, 1917. (2nd ed. rev. & enl., 1918) https://archive.org/details/b31349249 (1917); https://archive.org/details/b31349687 (1918).

Hurst AF. Trench fever: a relapsing fever occurring among the British troops in France and Salonica. Lancet. Vol. 188 (1916), pp. 671-675.

Hutcheson BS. An American physician in Canada and France WW1. Goleta, Calif.: Paul A. Fraser, 2006.

Hutchinson TD. The Mesopotamia scandal: a story of military incompetence. Manchester: National Labour Press, 1917.

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Hutt CW. The future of the disabled soldier. London: Bale & Danielsson; Fisher Unwin; New York: Wood, 1917; Charleston, S.C.: BiblioLife [n.d.]; [s.l.]: Forgotten Books, 2015. https://archive.org/details/futureofdisabled00huttuoft.

Huxtable C. From the Somme to Singapore: a medical officer in two world wars. Tunbridge Wells: Costello, 1988.

Imbert L, Réal P. Fracture of the lower jaw. Colyer JF (ed.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/fractureoflowerj00imbeuoft.

Imbrie RW. Behind the wheel of a war ambulance. New York: McBride, 1918. https://archive.org/details/behindwheelofwar00imbr. Influenza in Samoa: value of vaccines. British Medical Journal. Vol. 2, no. 3068 (Oct 18 1919), pp. 499-500. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2343401/pdf/brmedj07018-0017b.pdf [response to article by Grey FT above].

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Iredell AW, Blunt AL. A hot-air bath for use at sea-plane stations. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 5 (1919), pp. 108-110. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL5Images/page/n143/mode/2up.

Ireland MW (ed.). Surgery, part one: General surgery, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 11, pt 1). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX11.nlm.nih.gov.

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Jeans TT. Reminiscences of a naval surgeon. London: Sampson Low & Marston, 1927. https://archive.org/details/reminiscencesofn0003jean.

Jenkins J. Blood, guts and heroes: a tribute to those doctors from Wales who were involved with the Great War. Cardiff: BMA Cymru Wales, 2014?

Jobson A. Via Ypres: story of the 39th Divisional Field Ambulance. London: Westminster City Publishing, 1934.

Johnson AC. A short history of United States Base Hospital Number Ninety-Three in the world war. Spokane, WA: [s.n.], 1920.

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Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England. Reports … on voluntary aid rendered to the sic and wounded at home and abroad and to British prisoners of war, 1914-1919, with appendices. London: HMSO, 1921; Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2009.

Jones AB, Llewellyn RLlJ. Malingering, or, the simulation of disease. London: Heinemann, 1917.

Jones E. War shock and Freud's theory of the neuroses. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. Vol. 11. Section of Psychiatry (Jan 1918), pp. 21-36. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2066212/pdf/procrsmed01153- 0025.pdf/?tool=EBI.

Jones EK. What a base hospital librarian should know: outline of a course of training. The Library Journal Vol 43, no. 8 (Aug 1918); reprint New York: American Library Association, 1918. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiuo.ark:/13960/t6k133v14&view=1up&seq=8.

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Jones RJ. On the orthopaedic outlook in military surgery: an address delivered before the Hunterian Society on January 2nd, 1918. British Medical Journal. Vol. 1, no. 2976 (Jan 12 1918), pp. 41-45; Repr. London: Printed at the Office of the British Medical Association, 1918. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2339768/pdf/brmedj06926- 0003.pdf/?tool=EBI.

Jones RJ (ed.). Orthopaedic surgery of injuries, by various authors. London: Henry Frowde; Oxford University Press; Hodder & Stoughton, 1921. https://archive.org/details/orthopaedicsurge02joneiala. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. Vol. 11, issue 1 (1914)-vol. 165, issue 6 (Dec 2019). London: Royal Army Medical College 1903-2019. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. London: Bale & Danielsson, 1915- [from 1949: Alverstoke: Royal Naval Medical School; from 1969: Institute of Naval Medicine], Vol. 1, no. 1 (Spring 1915) - Vol 105, no. 3 (Winter 2019). https://jrnms.com/, https://archive.org/ [search JRNMS].

Justice WA. A cheap absorbent dressing for the wounded: incinerated paddy husk. Indian Medical Gazette. Vol. 51, no. 7 (Jul 1916), pp. 246-248. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5179721&blobtype=pdf.

Kaletzki CH (ed). Official history of the U.S.A. Base Hospital No. 31 of Youngstown, Ohio and Hospital Unit “G” of Syracuse University. Syracuse, NY: Printed by Craftsman Press for the author, 1919. https://archive.org/details/14230640R.nlm.nih.gov. The Karoolian: the unofficial log of no. 1, A.H.S. Karoola. Vol. 1, no.1 (Sep 1918) - no.2 (Apr 1919). [Sydney, Australia: F.H. Booth], 1918-1919.

Karolyi SA. History of the S.S.U.-523 (Section Sanitaire Unis-523) in the United States Army Ambulance Service with the French Army in the World War 1917-1919. Princeton, N.J.?: [s.n., n.d.].

Kay S. Froth and bubble: fragments. Sydney: Sydney and Melbourne Publishing, 1918.

Keen WW. The contrast between the surgery of the civil war and that of the present war. New York Medical Journal. Vol.101, no. 17 (April 24, 1915), pp. 817-824; reprint [s.l.]: A.R. Elliott Publishing Company, 1915. https://archive.org/details/newyorkmedicaljo1011unse/page/816/mode/2up.

Keen WW. The treatment of war wounds. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1917; 2nd ed. 1918. https://archive.org/details/treatmentofwarwo00keenuoft; https://archive.org/details/treatmentofwarwo00keen (1918).

Kelly F. Private Kelly, by himself. Londo: Evans Bros, 1954.

Keogh A (ed). Medical and surgical therapy. [Vol. 1: Infectious diseases.] Vol. 2: Neuroses. Vol. 3: Wounds. Vol.4: Fractures. Vol. 5 Bones and Joints. Vol. 6: Electrodiagnosis and lung wounds. Mental and locomotor disabilities. London: Butterworth, 1918; New York: Appleton, 1918-1919; Rarebooksclub Com, 2012; Theclassics US, 2013 (vol. 3) [

NB: for vol. 1 see separate entry under Vincent H. Infectious diseases]. https://archive.org/details/medicalsurgicalt02good (vol. 2); https://archive.org/details/medicalsurgicalt03good (vol. 3); https://archive.org/details/medicalsurgicalt04good (vol. 4); https://archive.org/details/medicalsurgicalt05good (vol. 5); https://archive.org/details/medicalsurgicalt06good (vol. 6).

Keogh A (ed). Medical and surgical therapy. Supplement, Desk index. London, Butterworth; 1919.

Kerr RM, Greenwood J. An inquiry into the composition of dietaries, with special reference to the dietaries of munition workers / by Viscount Dunluce and Major Greenwood. London: HMSO, 1918 (Medical Research Council. Special report series; no.13).

Kessel, L. Surgeon at arms. London: Leo Cooper, 1976; Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military, 2011.

Kierstead RG. The Canadian military medical experience during the Great War, 1914- 1918. Thesis (M.A.) - Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, 1982.

King DB. Studies in influenza and its pulmonary complications. New York: P.B. Hollier, 1922.

Klippenstein L, Dick J. Mennonite alternative service in Russia: the story of Abram D c and his colleagues, 1911-1917. Kitchener, Ont.: Pandora Press, 2002.

Knauer JG. Complete history of the United States Army Base Hospital, Camp Meade, Maryland, October 1917 to June 1919. [s.l.: s.n.], 1919.

Knipe JL. History of Hospital Train no. 52 and its personnel: American Expeditionary Forces, France, 1917-1919. Lancaster, Pa.: James Lloyd Knight, 1943.

Knox R. Radiography and radiotherapeutics. London: A.&C. Black; New York: Macmillan, 1919. https://archive.org/details/radiographyradio001knox.

Lagarde LA. Gunshot injuries: how they are inflicted, their complications and treatment. London: Bale & Danielsson, 1914; Battery Press, 1995. https://archive.org/details/gunshotinjuriesh00lagauoft.

Lagrange F. Fractures of the orbit and injuries of the eye in war. Parsons JH (ed.) Child C (transl.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/fracturesoforbit00lagruoft.

Lambourn JD. My father's wars and his life. Oxford: John D. Lambourn, 2006 [William Edward Lambourn, RAMC].

Lancashire Military Convalescent Hospital. The return: the journal of the Lancashire Military Convalescent Hospital. Vol. 1 (Mar 1916)-vol. 5 (Feb 1919). Blackpool: The Hospital, 1916-1919.

Latham EH. What strange fate: J. Breckinridge Bayne, an American doctor on the Romanian front (1916-1919) >with translation into Romanian]. Bucure ti: Vremea Press, 2016.

Lawley A. A message from Mesopotamia. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1917. https://archive.org/details/messagefrommesop00lawl.

Lawrence C. ‘Continuity in crisis medicine, 1914-1945’ In Bynum WF et al. The Western medical tradition: 1800 to 2000. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Lawrence JS. Allied medicine in the Great War: the medical front and the people who fought. London: Palgrave, 2018.

Lawrence W.Venereal diseases in the army, navy and community. New York: American Social Hygiene Association, 1918. https://archive.org/details/venerealdiseases00lawr.

Lawson A. War blindness at St. Dunstan's: London: Oxford University Press, 1922. https://archive.org/details/warblindnessatst00lawsuoft.

Lazarević Ilić D, Krivošejev V. Valjevo city hospital (1914-1915). Jovanović (transl.). Valjevo, Serbia: National Museum of Valjevo, 2015?

Le Bon G. The psychology of the Great War. London: Fisher Unwin, 1916. https://archive.org/details/cu31924027857014.

Leach MS. Hill 7: A life sketch of George Elliott Shipley. Chicago, Ill.: privately printed by Willett, Clark, & Co., 1935 [304th Sanitary Train]. https://archive.org/details/hill7alifesketch00leac.

Leddin D. The No. 7 Canadian stationary hospital (Dalhousie University) in World War One. Skibbereen: Desmond Leddin, 2015.

Lee WT. The battle of Pougues-les-Eaux: a history of the U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 44, organized by the Massachusetts Homeopathic Hospital, Boston, Mass. New York: Globe Press, 1923.

Leese P. Shell shock: traumatic neurosis and the British soldiers of the First World War. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Leese PJ. A social and cultural history of shellshock, with particular reference to the experience of British soldiers during and after the Great War. Thesis (Ph.D.) - Open University, 1989. The Legal status of the hospital ship in war-time. The Hospital. Vol. 58, no. 1504 (Apr 1915), p.63. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5230225&blobtype=pdf.

Lelean PS. Sanitation in war. London: Churchill, 1915; 2nd ed. 1917; Philadelphia, Pa.: Blakiston, n.d. https://archive.org/details/sanitationinwar00leleuoft; https://archive.org/details/sanitationinware2lele (2nd ed.).

Lépine J. Mental disorders of war. Mercier CA (ed.). London: University of London Press, 1919.

Leri A. Shell shock: commotional and emotional aspects. Marie P, Collie J (eds). London: University of London Press, 1919. https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.95697.

Leriche R. The treatment of fractures. Burghard FF (ed.). London: University of London Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/treatmentoffract01leriuoft.

Lerner PF. Hysterical men: war, neurosis and German mental medicine, 1914-1921. Thesis (Doctoral) - Columbia University, 1996.

Lerner PF. Hysterical men: war, psychiatry, and the politics of trauma in Germany, 1890- 1930. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003.

Lewis JA (ed.). Dear father: letters from a World War I ambulance driver with U.S.A.A.S. section 534. Charleston, S.C.: Tracy Lewis, 2015.

Lewis T. Report upon soldiers returned as cases of "disordered action of the heart" (D.A.H.) or "valvular disease of the heart" (V.D.H.). London: HMSO, 1917.

Lewis T. The soldier's heart and the effort syndrome. London: Shaw & Sons, 1918; New York: Hoeber, 1920. https://archive.org/details/b29932440.

Library and Archives Canada=Bibliothèque et Archives Canada [Internet]. Guide to sources relating to units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Canadian Army Medical Corps. https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/005/f2/005-1142.29.002-e.pdf [cited 9 May 2021].

Likeman R. Australian doctors on the Western Front: France and Belgium, 1916-1918. Kenthurst, NSW: Rosenberg Publishing, 2014.

Likeman R. Gallipoli doctors. McCrae, Vic.: Slouch Hat Publications, 2010.

Likeman R. Men of the Ninth: a history of the Ninth Australian Field Ambulance 1916-1994. McCrae, Vic.: Slouch Hat Publications, 2003.

Linden S. They called it shell shock: combat stress in the First World War. Solihull: Helion, 2016.

Linden SC, Jones E. 'Shell shock' revisited: an examination of the case records of the National Hospital in London. Medical History. Vol. 58, no. 4 (Oct 2014), pp. 519-545. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC4176276&blobtype=pdf.

Lindsay D. Private Lord Crawford's Great War diaries: from medical orderly to cabinet minister. C Arnander (ed). Barnsley: Pen & Sword, 2013.

Linker B. War's waste: rehabilitation in World War I America. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 2011. List of the various hospitals treating military cases in the United Kingdom. London: HMSO, 1917.

Lister TD. The tuberculosis problem in war time. Journal of state medicine: the official journal of the Royal Institute of Public Health. Vol. 25, nos. 5+6 (May+Jun 1917); reprinted, London: Bale & Danielsson, 1917.

Lloyd Ll. Lice and their menace to man. London: Henry Frowde; Oxford University Press; Hodder & Stoughton, 1919.

Loeb HW. Military surgery of the ear, nose and throat. Philadelphia, Pa.: Lea & Febiger, 1918 (Medical war manual; no. 8). https://archive.org/details/51430270R.nlm.nih.gov.

Lomas EC. Hospital ships. British Medical Journal. Vol.1 no.2939 (28 Apr 1917), pp. 542- 545. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2348413/pdf/brmedj07098- 0012.pdf/?tool=EBI.

Lomax M. The experiences of an asylum doctor with suggestions for asylum and lunacy law reform. London: Allen & Unwin, 1921. https://archive.org/details/39002041606220.med.yale.edu.

London Field Ambulances. 3rd Mounted Brigade. The stretcher bearer: the magazine of the 3rd/4th, 3rd/6th and 3rd Mounted Brigade, London Field Ambulances. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Oct. 1915)-v. 1, no. 3 (Dec. 1915). South Harrow: [s.n.], 1915.

London Homeopathic Hospital. The Anglo-French-American Hospital: an account of the wor carried on under hom opathic auspices during 1915-191 at the H pital militaire auxiliaire, no. 307, Neuilly-sur-Seine, in conjunction with the French Red Cross Society, by the British Committee sitting at the London Hom opathic Hospital. Ashford, Kent: Headley Brothers 1916; 2nd impr. 1918. https://archive.org/details/2088611.0001.001.umich.edu.

Long D. British ambulance flotillas of the Great War. Waterways Journal. Vol. 18 (2016), [pagination not known]. Ellesmere Port: Waterways Museum Society, 2016.

Long SH. Norfolk and Norwich Hospital: twelve months' war service, August 1914-July, 1915. Norwich: Eastern Daily Press, 1915.

Lord JR. The story of the Horton (Co. of London) War Hospital, Epsom: its inception and work, and some reflections. London: Heinemann, 1920.

Lord Roberts Memorial Workshops for Disabled Soldiers and Sailors. The national tribute to our permanently disabled soldiers and sailors: the past, present and future of the Lord Roberts Memorial Workshops for Disabled Soldiers and Sailors. Thel Workshops, 1918.

Loughran T. Shell-shock and medical culture in First World War Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Loughran T. Shell shock, trauma, and the First World War: the making of a diagnosis and its histories. Journal of the history of medicine and the allied sciences. Vol. 67, no. 1 (Jan 2012), pp. 94-119.

Love AG. Statistics part two:Medical and casualty statistics, based on the medical records of the United States Army April 1, 1917to December 31, 1919, inclusive, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General.Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1925 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 15, pt 2). https://archive.org/details/medicaldepartmen15unituoft.

Love AG. War casualties. Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: Medical Field Service School, 1931.

Lucas EV. Outposts of mercy: the record of a visit in November and December, 1916, to the various units of the British Red Cross in Italy. London: Methuen, 1917. https://archive.org/details/dli.granth.92271.

Lugard EA. Some impressions of the work of the British Red Cross in France. Bombay: Times Press, 1919.

Luke TD. The Royal Naval Auxiliary Hospital, Peebles. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 5 (1919), pp. 72-80. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL5Images/page/n107/mode/2up.

Lynch C, Ford JH, Weed FW. Field operations, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1925 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 8). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX8.nlm.nih.gov.

Lynch C, Weed FW, McAfee L. The Surgeon General’s Office, prepared under the direction of Maj. Gen. M. W. Ireland, the Surgeon General. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1923 (The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War; vol. 1). https://archive.org/details/14120390RX1.nlm.nih.gov.

Lynch PJ. The exploitation of courage: psychiatric care in the British Army 1914±1918. Thesis (M.Phil.) - University College London, 1977.

McCombe J, Menzies AF. Medical service at the Front. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1918 (Medical war manual; no.9). https://archive.org/details/medicalserviceat00mcco.

McCowan HS. The nurse and the knight. New York: Association Press, 1917.

McCowen GR. Immediate surgery with the siege guns in France. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 8 (1922), pp. 23-43. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL8Images/page/n31/mode/2up.

McCracken T. The Royal Army Medical Corps in the Great War: rare photographs from the wartime archives. Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 2017.

MacCallum WG. The pathology of the pneumonia in the United States army camps during the winter of 1917-18. New York: Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1919. https://archive.org/details/cu31924000295463.

MacCurdy JT. War neuroses. Psychiatric Bulletin of the New York State Hospitals. Vol. 2 (Jul 1917), pp. 243-354. Utica, NY: State Hospitals Press, 1918; offprint, https://archive.org/details/warneuroses00macc.

MacCurdy JT. War neuroses. Rivers WHR (preface). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1918. https://archive.org/details/warneuroses00maccuoft.

McCutcheon C. Hospital ships and troop transports of the First World War. Stroud: Amberley, 2015.

McDill JR. Lessons from the enemy: how Germany cares for her war disabled. Philadelphia, Pa.: Lea & Febiger, 1918. (Medical war manual; no.5) https://archive.org/details/b29930182.

McEnroe N, Thomas T. The hospital in the oatfield: the art of nursing in the First World War. Hallett CE (ed.). London: Florence Nightingale Museum, 2014 [catalogue of an exhibition].

McGill H. Medicine and duty: the World War I memoir of Captain Harold W. McGill, Medical Officer, 31st Battalion, C.E.F. Norris MB (ed.). Calgary [Alta.]: University of Calgary Press, 2007.

McGreal S. The war on hospital ships, 1914-1918. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Maritime, 2008.

Macfarlane NC. Dr. Ian Macfarlane: medical missionary at Nazareth, and Captain R.A.M.C. Peterhead: Buchan Observer Press, 1921. [for later editions see entry below]

Macfarlane NC. Ian Macfarlane: soldier and medical missionary. 2nd ed. Juniper Green: Josiah Livingstone, 1922; 3rd ed. ca.1923; 4th ed. Edinburgh, 1930; revised ed. London: Religious Tract Society, 1935. [

Mackay, ND]. Two years after. or twelve months of Armageddon: some reminiscences of a temporary regimental sawbones, 1915-1916. Printed for private circulation, 1918.

Mackenna RW. Through a tent door. London: John Murray, 1920.

Mackenzie JJ, Mackenzie KC. No.4 Canadian Hospital: the letters of Professor J.J. Mackenzie from the Salonika Front, with a memoir by his wife Kathleen Cuffe Mackenzie. Toronto: Macmillan, 1933.

McKenzie RT. Reclaiming the maimed: a handbook of physical therapy. New York: Macmillan, 1918. https://archive.org/details/reclaimingmaimed00mcke.

Mackenzie, WC. The action of muscles: including muscle rest and muscle re-education. London: H.K. Lewis, 1918. https://archive.org/details/actionofmusclesi00mackrich.

Mackie G. On the command, the training, and the work of a field ambulance in France during the Great War: being the record of the 2nd/1st South Midland Field Ambulance, 61st (South Midland) Division, B.E.F. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh, 1922.

Mackinnon AG. Malta: nurse of the Mediterranean. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1916. https://archive.org/details/maltanurseofmedi00mackuoft.

Maclean A, Stephens HRE. Surgical experiences in the Battle of Jutland. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 2, no. 4 (Oct 1916), pp. 421-425. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL2Images/page/n449/mode/2up.

McLean D. ‘8. Modernisation and 1914.’ In: Surgeons of the fleet: the Royal Navy and its medics from Trafalgar to Jutland. London: I.B. Tauris, 2010.

Maclean H. Albuminuria and war nephritis among British troops in France. London: HMSO, 1919 (Medical Research Council. Special report series; no. 43).

Maclean H. Report to the Committee on War Nephritis: an investigation into the incidence of albuminuria and casts in British soldiers during training and the relationship of this condition to war nephritis. London: M.P. & E. Co Ltd., 1918.

Macleod JMH. Burns and their treatment, including dermatitis from high explosives. London: Henry Frowde; Oxford University Press; Hodder & Stoughton, 1918.

McKenna JA. Medical Training Camp, Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, August 1917. [s.l.: s.n.], 1917.

Macklin AH. The evacuation of sick and wounded from mobile columns. Manchester: Printed by the City Press, 1920?; Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2014.

Macmillan JF. Infectious disease in Serbia. London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, 1915. https://archive.org/details/b22480869/mode/2up.

McMurtrie DC. The disabled soldier. New York: Macmillan, 1919. https://archive.org/details/14031070R.nlm.nih.gov.

Macphail A. The medical services. Ottawa: F.A. Acland, 1925. (Official history of the Canadian forces in the Great War, 1914-19). https://archive.org/details/officialhistoryo1914macp.

MacPherson WG, Mitchell TJ et al. Medical services. 12 vols. London: HMSO, 1921-1931. (Official history of the Great War based on official documents). https://archive.org/details/medicalservicesg01macpuoft General history, I (1921) https://archive.org/details/medicalservicesd01macpuoft Diseases of the war, I (1921) https://archive.org/details/medicalservicess01macpuoft Surgery of the war, I (1922) https://archive.org/details/medicalservicess02macpiala Surgery of the war, II (1922) https://archive.org/details/191418medicalserv00macpuoft Pathology (1923) https://archive.org/details/medicalservicesg02macp General history, II (1923) MacPherson WG, Horrocks WH, Beveridge WWO (eds). Hygiene of the war, I + II (1923) https://archive.org/details/medicalservicesd02macp Diseases of the war, II (1923) https://archive.org/details/medicalservicesg03macp General history, III (1924) https://archive.org/details/medicalservicesg04macp General history, IV (1924) https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.$b744277&view=1up&seq=5 Casualties and medical statistics (1931).

MacPherson WG, Mitchell TJ. Medical services (Official history of the Great War based on official documents). Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2009 [General history I-IV (1921-1924) reprinted from the original edition of 12 volumes].

Macqueen JM. Our war: being the experiences in France of a specialist sanitary officer with the 51st Highland Division and with the 17th Corps in which were at sundry times various Divisions. Halesowen: [the author]; Dudley: printed by Tom Price, ca.1931.

Macrae D. History of Hospital Unit "K", U.S. Army Mobile Hospital No. 1 (Auto-Chir) A.E.F. home station: Council Bluffs, Iowa. Council Bluffs, IA: Dodge Light Guard Armory and the Council Bluffs Garrison, Iowa National Guard, 1938.

Makins GH. The development of British surgery in the hospitals on the lines of communication in France. British Medical Journal. Vol. 1, no. 2946 (16 Jun 1917), pp. 789- 806. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2348500/pdf/brmedj07105- 0003.pdf/?tool=EBI.

Makins GH. Gunshot injuries of the arteries. London: Oxford University Press, 1914.

Makins GH. On gunshot injuries to the blood vessels: founded on experience gained in France during the Great War, 1914-1918. New York: Wood, 1919. https://archive.org/details/ongunshotinjurie00maki.

Malcolm I. War pictures behind the lines. New York: Dutton, 1915. https://archive.org/details/warpicturesbehin00malc.

Maltz M. New faces, new futures. rebuilding character with plastic surgery. New York: Richard R Smith, 1936.

Mamelund S-E. Geography may explain adult mortality from the 1918-20 influenza pandemic. Epidemics. Vol. 3, no. 1 (2011), 46-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epidem.2011.02.001

Manion RJ: A surgeon in arms. New York: Appleton, 1918. https://archive.org/details/01120240R.nlm.nih.gov.

Mann WL. Medical tactics in naval warfare. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927.

Markovich L. ‘No time for tears for the dying’: stretcher-bearers on the Western Front, 1914-1918. Thesis (D.Phil.) - University of New South Wales, Canberra, 2015. http://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:36833/SOURCE02?view=true.

Marr HC. Psychoses of the war: including neurasthenia and shell shock. London: Henry Frowde; Oxford University Press; Hodder & Stoughton, 1919.

Martin AA. A surgeon in khaki. London, Edward Arnold, 1915; 3rd impr. 1916. https://archive.org/details/b29826846.

Martin FH.The joy of living: an autobiography. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co, 1933.

Martinier P, Lemerle G. Injuries of the face and jaw and their repair; and the treatment of fractured jaws. Whale HL (transl.). New York: Wood, 1917. https://archive.org/details/injuriesoffaceja00mart.

Masefield J. John Masefield's letters from the front 1915-1917. Vansittart P (ed.). London: Constable, 1984; New York: Franklin Watts, 1985 [the poet served as a Red Cross medical orderly]. https://archive.org/details/johnmasefieldsle00mase.

Mason CF. A complete handbook for the Hospital Corps of the U.S. Army and Navy and state military forces. New York: Wood, 1916 [latest online edition is 1912]. https://archive.org/details/acompletehandbo01masogoog.

Mason CF. A complete handbook for the sanitary troops of the U.S. Army and Navy and National Guard and naval militia. 4th ed., rev. New York: Wood, 1917; 1918 [later edition of entry above?] https://archive.org/details/acompletehandbo00masogoog.

Massie C. Reflections from France. Manchester: Blackfriars Press, 1917.

Mayhew ER. Wounded. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. [paperback: Vintage Books, 2014. Each format has a different subtitle].

Matheson M. 48: an informal and mostly pictorial history of U.S. Base Hospital 48, 1918- 1919. New York: Veterans U.S. Base Hospital No. 48, 1939.

Mawson TH. An imperial obligation: industrial villages for partially disabled soldiers and sailors. London: Grant Richards, 1917. https://archive.org/details/imperialobligati00mawsrich.

Maxwell WN. A psychological retrospect of the Great War. London: Allen & Unwin, 1923. https://archive.org/details/psychologicalret032834mbp.

Maxwell-Lefroy H. Measures for avoidance and extermination of flies, mosquitoes, lice and other vermin. London: Thacker, 1915; 2nd ed. 1916. https://archive.org/details/b3136679x.

Mayo-Robson AW. Some surgical developments in wound treatment during the war. British Medical Journal. Vol. 1, no. 2975 (5 Jan 1918), pp. 1-4. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2339847&blobtype=pdf.

Mayo-Robson AW, Falkner PH. An improved method of lifting patients on to hospital ships from barges and boats. British Medical Journal. Vol. 1, no. 2870 (Jan 1916), pp. 10-11. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2346812&blobtype=pdf.

Meagher ET. Nervous disorders in the fighting forces. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 10 (1924) pp. 1-15. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL10Images/page/n7/mode/2up. A Medical Officer on the ambulance ship St. David. The overseas transport of wounded: life and procedure on a hospital ship. The Hospital. Vol. 58, no. 1504 (Apr 1915), pp. 57-58. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC5230229&blobtype=pdf. The

Medical staff of the REWA. Two month's work in the RN Hospital Ship REWA at the Gallipoli beaches. Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 2 (1916), pp. 1-29. https://archive.org/details/JRNMSVOL2Images/page/n7/mode/2up. Medicine and the sea affair. British Medical Journal. Vol. 1, no. 2939 (28 Apr 1917), pp. 533-548. https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2348425&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2348428&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2348421&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2348427&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2348413&blobtype=pdf https://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2348424&blobtype=pdf.

Meikle MC. Reconstructing faces: the art and wartime surgery of Gillies, Pickerill, McIndoe, and Mowlem. Dunedin, Otago: Otago University Press, 2013.

Meyer J. An equal burden: the men of the Royal Army Medical Corps in the First World War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Meyer J. ‘The long carry landscapes and the shaping of British medical masculinities in the First World War.’ In: Daly S, Salvante M, Wilcox V (eds). Landscapes of the First World War. Cham (Switzerland): Springer, 2018, pp. 121-137.

Michie HC. History of the United States Army Base Hospital, Camp Grant, Illinois, October 14, 1917 to July 23, 1919. [s.l.: s.n.], 1919.

Midwinter C. 1914-1919 memoirs of the 32nd Field Ambulance, 10th (Irish Division). Bexleyheath, Kent: G.E. Foulger, 1933.

Millen DC. Memoirs of 591 in the World War. Ann Arbor, Mich.: DC Millen, 1932.

Miller BV. The history of United States Army Base Hospital No. 22, compiled after twenty years from actual records and the vivid memories of many of the personnel by Bern V. Miller. Milwaukee, Wis.: Direct Press, 1940. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89058465899&view=1up&seq=7.

Miller HC (ed.). Functional nerve disease: an epitome of war experience for the practitioner. London: Henry Frowde; Oxford University Press; Hodder & Stoughton, 1920. https://archive.org/details/functionalnerved00milluoft. [

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